Natural Language Aquisition
for delayed echolalia (scripting)
WHAT IS NATURAL LANGUAGE ACQUISITION
Does your child or a child you work with echo or script to communicate? Do they repeat questions, books or movies, but have a hard time producing spontaneous utterances? Have you tried different therapies and techniques but don't see improvement? PLEASE check out Natural Language Acquisition. If this sounds like your child and you are curious to hear about using this approach, contact us!
Natural Language Acquisition was developed for gestalt language processors that use delayed echolalia to communicate by Marge Blanc (based off of Prizant and Wetherby's research). Gestalt language processors learn language in chunks rather than one word at a time. Most typically developing kids will say "dog" and then eventually "big dog" and then expand from there. Gestalt language processors may hear a parent say, "Wow, that's a big dog!" and that's what they say every time they see a dog. They have a hard time breaking the"chunk" (or gestalt) apart. It makes for very awkward speech and social exchanges (as "wow, that's a big dog!" surely does not apply to every dog situation in the world!) Natural Language Acquisition aims to break down the chunks in a natural, child-led, play-based way.
As described in Natural Language Acquisition on the Autism Spectrum: A journey from Echolalia to Self-Generated Language (Marge Blanc, 2012), there are four primary stages of language development among gestalt language processors. They are summarized below, with two ongoing examples to illustrate the progression. In reality, mitigation is happening with many phrases simultaneously.
The Six Stages of Natural Language Acquisition (Blanc, 2012)
Use of complete gestalts
Ex: “Let’s get out of here.”
Ex: “Want some more?”
Use of partial gestalts
“Let’s get” + “some more” = “Let’s get some more!”
“Want” + “out of here” = “Want out of here.”
2. MITIGATED ECHOLALIA
3. ISOLATION OF THE SINGLE WORD
(1) “Let’s get” + “wanna get” = “get”
Use of single words that have isolated “Some more” + “No more” = “more from mitigated phrases
(2) “Get more!” and “More get!”
4/5/6.BEGINNING GENERATIVE GRAMMAR
“I get.” “Get more no.” “No get some.”
Use of original sentences using “I wanna get some more toys.”
Beginning grammar “He got toys and books.”
Speech-language therapy with an SLP that understands NLA can help your child get “unstuck” and begin to generate their own novel phrases and sentences!
Overview of delayed echolalia and NLA: www.communicationdevelopmentcenter.com/articles/echolaliaonthespectrum.pdf
Parent/Staff Friendly NLA handout: